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gingivitis

Recognizing and Treating Gingivitis

If your gums are swollen, painful and irritated, and assume a darker shade of red, then you may be having periodontal disease (gum disease).

Gum disease occurs in two sequential stages: Gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease, and is exemplified by mild to moderate inflammation and irritation of the gums. If not detected and treated early enough, gingivitis develops into periodontitis - a more serious and painful condition. In a worst-case scenario, periodontitis destroys the entire jaw bone.

So What Causes Gingivitis? 

As mentioned earlier, the leading cause of gingivitis is poor or improper dental care and hygiene. For instance, if you don't brush your teeth regularly, there will be an accumulation of bacteria, mucus and food particles (plaque) on your teeth, which causes decay over time. Additionally, unchecked plaque buildup eventually develops into tartar, which being a heavier compound, sticks to the base of the teeth, hence accelerating the onset of gingivitis. 

Other key causes of gingivitis include tobacco use, untreated diabetes, and hormonal changes during pregnancy. Further, brushing or flossing aggressively may injure your gums, resulting in gingivitis. You can also develop gingivitis from:

  • Medications such as Dilantin and some contraceptive pills 

  • Poorly aligned teeth 

  • Improperly fitted braces and dentures 

  • A genetic predisposition to gum disease from your family roots


Signs and Symptoms of Gingivitis

The following are the signs and symptoms that symbolize gingivitis:

  • Pain when chewing food

Do Your Gums Bleed?

bleed gums dental health checkup in Corona CA

Do you take good care of your teeth and gums?

When brushing your teeth, this is the perfect time to inspect the teeth and gums to make sure that they are healthy. One of the biggest signs of gum disease is when your gums are bleeding.

We don't mean on a regular basis. We mean that when you've brushed your teeth and rinse out, you may be seeing blood in your sink. You may just think that it's normal or brush it off. Perhaps this is just what happens whenever you brush and floss.

But what you may have initially chalked up to brushing a bit too hard or the bristles of your brush may indicate something much more. Bleeding when you brush can be a sign that there is a bigger issue and that gum disease is present.

Believe it or not, when the gums bleed, this is one of the primary signs that they are dealing with an infection. This infection has the ability to progress and have an extremely negative impact on your oral health and your health overall. That means it is a big deal-- don't keep ignoring it!

The first time that you see blood should be the motivating factor and you should make a dental appointment immediately! The dentist will be able to evaluate what's going on, give recommendations, and even perform treatment dental work if it is required.



Gum Disease Complications

What is gum disease? At its heart, it's an infection that occurs due to bacteria that have been sitting in accumulations of tartar and plaque. This is why good oral hygiene can become so important. What you do or do not do is going to either keep your teeth and gums happy or send them further down a progressive road of infection and decay that could lead to tooth loss and much more.